Azure Security Review

Azure Security Review

  1. Overview

An Azure security review is a process in which an organization’s use of Microsoft Azure is assessed for compliance with security best practices and industry regulations. This can include reviewing the configuration of Azure services, the network architecture, and access controls. The goal of an Azure security review is to identify any potential security vulnerabilities or risks and make recommendations for mitigating them. It can be done by internal IT staff or by a third-party security consultant.

  1. Approach

An Azure security review typically covers several key areas, including:

  1. Identity and access management: This includes reviewing the configuration of Azure Active Directory (AAD), Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA), and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) to ensure that only authorized users have access to sensitive resources.
  1. Network security: This includes assessing the security of the virtual network, examining the use of Network Security Groups (NSGs) and Azure Firewall, and ensuring that all communication is properly encrypted.
  1. Platform security: This includes reviewing the configuration of Azure services, such as virtual machines, storage accounts, and databases, to ensure that they meet security best practices.
  1. Data protection: This includes assessing the use of Azure Key Vault for managing encryption keys and ensuring that data is properly encrypted both at rest and in transit.
  1. Compliance: This includes evaluating the organization’s compliance with industry regulations such as HIPAA, PCI-DSS, and SOC 2.
  1. Security monitoring and incident response: This includes reviewing the organization’s security monitoring and incident response processes to ensure that they are effective and well-documented.
  1. Incident Management: This includes reviewing the incident response plan and procedures, testing incident response capabilities, and identifying potential incident scenarios that could occur.
  1. Azure Policy and Governance: This includes reviewing the Azure Policy and Governance practices and ensuring that they are aligned with industry standards and best practices.
  1. Security Automation: This includes reviewing the use of Azure automation, Azure Automation Account, Azure runbooks, Azure Logic apps, Azure functions, and Azure Policy to ensure that they are being used effectively for security.
  1. Benefits

Azure has several built-in security features and tools that can be used to perform security audits of your Azure resources. Some of these techniques include:

  • Azure Policy: Azure Policy allows you to create, assign, and manage policies that enforce rules and effects on resources in your Azure environment. This can be used to ensure compliance with security standards and best practices.
  • Azure Security Center: Azure Security Center provides continuous security assessments, security recommendations, and security analytics to help you identify and remediate security threats in your Azure environment.
  • Azure Monitor: Azure Monitor allows you to collect, analyze, and act on telemetry from your Azure resources, including events, metrics, and logs. This can be used to detect and investigate security incidents.
  • Azure Advisor: Azure Advisor provides personalized recommendations for optimizing the performance, security, and cost of your Azure resources.
  • Azure AD Identity Protection: Azure AD Identity Protection helps to detect and respond to identity-based risks by providing insights into potential vulnerabilities and suspicious activities.
  • Azure Log Analytics: Azure Log Analytics allows you to collect and analyze data from multiple sources to gain insights into your Azure environment and identify potential security threats.
  • Azure Key Vault: Azure Key Vault can be used to securely store and manage cryptographic keys, certificates, and secrets. This can be used to secure access to sensitive data and resources in your Azure environment.
  It’s important to note that these are just a few examples and not an exhaustive list of all the security audit techniques available in Azure.
  1. Deliverables

A security review of an Azure environment can involve multiple steps and components, depending on the scope and objectives of the review. Here are some common deliverables that may be included in an Azure security review:by our experts

  • Security Assessment Report: This report provides an overview of the current state of security in the Azure environment, including identified risks, vulnerabilities, and potential attack vectors.
  • Security Baseline: A security baseline provides guidelines and best practices for securing the Azure environment based on industry standards, regulatory requirements, and organizational policies.
  • Security Architecture Review: A review of the Azure environment’s security architecture evaluates how well the environment aligns with industry best practices and regulatory requirements.
  • Vulnerability Assessment Report: A vulnerability assessment report identifies vulnerabilities and misconfigurations in the Azure environment that could be exploited by attackers.
  • Remediation Plan: Based on the findings of the security review, a remediation plan outlines specific actions that should be taken to address identified vulnerabilities and improve the overall security posture of the Azure environment.
  • Threat Modeling Report: A threat modeling report outlines the potential attack vectors and potential threat scenarios that an attacker could use to exploit vulnerabilities in the Azure environment.
  • Security Awareness Training: A security review may include recommendations for providing security awareness training to staff and employees who use or manage the Azure environment.


Overall, the deliverables of an Azure security review will depend on the specific objectives and scope of the review, as well as the requirements and priorities of the organization. The deliverables may include a combination of technical reports, policy documents, and training materials.